The Ryder Cup (officially the Ryder Cup Matches) is a golf com between teams from Europe and the United States. The competition is jointly administered by the PGA of America and the PGA European Tour, and is contested every two years, the venue alternating between courses in the United States and Europe. The Ryder Cup is also the name of the trophy, after the person who donated it, Samuel Ryder.
The competition began following an exhibition match in 1926 between a team comprising American professionals against a similar one drawn from the British PGA on the East Course, Wentworth Club, Virginia Water, Surrey, UK. The first competition took place in 1927. (from Wikipedia)
The Ryder Cup was expanded in 1979 to include players from all of Europe, not just from the UK and Ireland. The fifteen matches since then have been more competitive, with each side winning seven times, plus one tie. Arguably the most memorable of those matches took place in 1999, when the Americans came back from a 10-6 deficit on the final day to win 14.5-13.5. Controversy ensued on the 17th green of the second-to-last match of the day between Justin Leonard and Jose Maria Olazabal when, after Leonard holed a 45-foot putt to all but ensure an American victory, several players ran across the green to celebrate, even before Olazabal had a chance to attempt his putt. The Americans did not run through Olazabal's line, but he missed the putt to halve the hole.
This behavior was deemed by European players and pundits as "ugly" and "barbaric," prompting Americans to counter with "Scoreboard." After losing the next three competitions following the memorable 1999 event, the Americans took the cup back in 2008. The sore losers Europeans will attempt to take back the cup beginning Friday at Celtic Manor Resort in Newport, Wales.